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Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee (Anne Fanton) records

 Collection
Identifier: M199

Scope and Content Note

The collection documents Anne Fanton's tenure as executive director of the Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee. The records focus on the Committee's interaction with the Central Artery/Tunnel Project concerning air quality, traffic management, transit, and open space commitments made by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Materials include agreements, amendments, annual reports, commitment reports, correspondence, environmental impact statements and reports, financials, meeting minutes, notices of project changes, newsletters, plans, reports, and studies. Of special interest are the commitment reports and environmental impact statements and reports of the project.

Dates

  • 1989-2010

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials entirely in English.

Conditions Governing Access:

The collection is unrestricted.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use:

Copyright restrictions may apply.

Historical Note

Anne Fanton served as executive director of the Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee (EOC) from 1992-2009. The EOC was an independent advisory group established to monitor progress toward implementing the air quality, traffic management, transit, and open space commitments made by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in connection with the Central Artery/Tunnel Project (CA/T). The Central Artery/Tunnel Project, known as the “Big Dig,” was a Massachusetts Department of Transportation construction project aimed at reducing traffic congestion and improving the environment in Boston, Massachusetts. Initial planning and environmental impact studies began in 1982. In April 1987, the United States Congress approved federal funding for the project, allotting $755 million for fiscal year 1990. Construction started in September 1991, and the first major milestone was reached in 1995 with the opening of the Ted Williams Tunnel to commercial traffic. Substantial completion of the project was reached on January 13, 2006: the deteriorating six–lane Interstate 93 John F. Fitzgerald Expressway had been replaced with the eight–to–ten–lane state of the art Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. Tunnel, the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill and Leverett Circle Connector Bridges over the Charles River were added, Interstate 90 was extended to Logan International Airport and Route 1A with the addition of the Fort Point and Ted Williams Tunnels, and more than 300 acres of open land reconnecting downtown to the waterfront was created as a result.

In addition to monitoring the progress made by the project, the Executive Office of Transportation and Construction (EOTC), and the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs (EOEA), the EOC's mission also focused on the resolution of challenges which arose in accomplishing mitigation and public outreach. Appointment of the EOC was included in an agreement signed on June 6, 1991 by Secretary Richard Taylor of EOTC, Secretary Susan Tierney of EOEA, and the leaders of the environmental organizations Move Massachusetts 2000, 1000 Friends of Massachusetts, and Boston Greenspace Alliance. The agreement included a statement that CA/T would prepare an implementation plan containing a list of all the air quality, traffic management, transit, and open space commitments that had been made, including the names of those responsible for completion of each commitment and appropriate milestones. CA/T undertook the development of a Commitment Tracking System (CTS) to fulfill the agreement, and a mandate in its federal Record of Decision. The CTS consisted of a comprehensive database and reporting mechanism to track and record all the commitments required in the project's many approval documents. Early drafts of this plan that preceded the development of the CTS took the form of Commitment Status Reports, and listed broadly-stated commitments with their major source documents. These reports were critical to the project's success in implementing its commitments and for the EOC's ability to oversee them.

EOC members included representatives of environmental, planning, business, and community interests, supported by the agencies responsible for undertaking and enforcing mitigation. In 1992, EOC member organizations included the Boston Greenspace Alliance, 1000 Friends of Massachusetts, Move Massachusetts 2000, Metropolitan Area Planning Council, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority Advisory Board, Artery Business Committee, (Charles River Crossing) Bridge Design Review Committee, and the Spectacle Island Park Advisory Committee. The Ex-Officio member agencies included the Executive Office of Transportation, Massachusetts Highway Department/CA/T Project, Executive Office of Environmental Affairs, Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, and the Boston Transportation Department. Public meetings were held approximately once a month, allowing citizens to express their grievances and gain assistance for resolution. The EOC's successes include informing CA/T about commitments, tracking key commitments, facilitating modifications to commitments when necessary and appropriate, and influencing the outcome when commitments were not fulfilled.

Chronology

  • 1982 Planning and environmental impact studies begin
  • 1987 Congress approves funding and scope
  • 1990 Congress allocates $755 million to the project
  • 1991 Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee established
  • 1991 Ted Williams Tunnel construction begins
  • 1992 $1 billion in design and construction contracts in progress
  • 1995 Ted Williams Tunnel opens
  • 1998 Charles River Crossing construction begins
  • 2002 Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge completed
  • 2003 Interstate 93 Northbound and Southbound opens
  • 2004 Interstate 93 John F. Fitzgerald Expressway dismantled
  • 2005 Interstate 93 full opening
  • 2006 Substantial completion
  • 2006 Spectacle Island Park opens to the public
1982
Planning and environmental impact studies begin
1987
Congress approves funding and scope
1990
Congress allocates $755 million to the project
1991
Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee established
1991
Ted Williams Tunnel construction begins
1992
$1 billion in design and construction contracts in progress
1995
Ted Williams Tunnel opens
1998
Charles River Crossing construction begins
2002
Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge completed
2003
Interstate 93 Northbound and Southbound opens
2004
Interstate 93 John F. Fitzgerald Expressway dismantled
2005
Interstate 93 full opening
2006
Substantial completion
2006
Spectacle Island Park opens to the public

Extent

7.40 cubic feet (8 containers, 1 tube)

Overview

Anne Fanton served as executive director of the Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee which monitored environmental commitments of the “Big Dig” construction project in Boston, Massachusetts from 1992–2009. The “Big Dig” project revitalized the Central Artery by replacing the elevated Interstate 93 with the Thomas P. O'Neill Jr. Tunnel and adding the Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Bridge. In addition, Interstate 90 was extended to Logan International Airport and Route 1A with the creation of the Fort Point and Ted William Tunnels.

Overview

The collection documents Anne Fanton's leadership of the Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee. The collection includes agreements, amendments, annual reports, commitment reports, committee director's reports, correspondence, environmental impact statements, financials, meeting minutes, notices of project changes, newsletters, plans, reports, and studies.

System of Arrangement:

Organized into two series: Series 1. Administrative; and Series 2. Subject Files.

Physical Location

40/1

Immediate Source of Acquisition:

Received from Anne Fanton on November 5, 2013.

Bibliography

  • Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee. Report for 1992. Boston: Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee, 1993.
  • Massachusetts Department of Transportation. “The Central Artery/Tunnel Project – The Big Dig.” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://www.massdot.state.ma.us/highway/TheBigDig.aspx.
  • United States Department of Transportation: Federal Highway Administration. “The Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee, Boston, Massachusetts.” Accessed February 5, 2015. http://www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/strmlng/artery/artery_toc.asp.

Creator

Title
Finding aid for the Central Artery Environmental Oversight Committee (Anne Fanton) Records
Author
Finding aid prepared by Daniel J. Lavoie II
Date
March 2, 2015
Language of description
Description is in English.
Sponsor
The processing of this collection was funded by Nancy Caruso.

Repository Details

Part of the Northeastern University Archives and Special Collections Repository

Contact:
92 Snell Library
Northeastern University
360 Huntington Avenue
Boston MA 02115 US